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Minerals Mined in Georgia

Click on the numbered minerals on the map.

1. Mica -used in the manufacture of paints and plastics as fillers, cosmetics and electronic applications as well as joint cements and sealers.

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2. Kaolin - also known as “china clay” has many industrial applications including paper filling and coating and is widely used in paints, plastics, fiberglass, adhesives, ceramics, and rubber products.

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3. Umber – a major pigment in stains. This mineral is also used in masonry cement products and chocolate brown bricks.

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4. Ochre - A natural mineral earth pigment used as colorants in mortar, cement, plaster, stucco, paint, linoleum, and building materials .

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5. Fuller's Earth - Fuller's Earth is used as cat litter and has applications in insecticides, and paint absorbents

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6. Barite - used in the manufacture of barium chemicals and as fillers and extenders in paint, paper, plastics, and rubber products.

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7. Bauxite - Its uses are important for the manufactories, ceramics, chemicals, abrasives, cements, and flame retardants.

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8. Clay - Its primary uses are the production of ceramic tile and brick, pottery clays, expanded lightweight aggregates, flue linings, portland and masonry cements.

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9. Shale - It is used in the manufacture of such things as brick, drain tile pottery, stoneware, and roofing tile.

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10. Marble - Its strength, beauty and durability make it suitable for rough and finished pieces for monuments, memorials, mausoleums, and markers, structural building stone in facades and interiors.

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11. Granite - Over 20,000 tons of crushed granite is needed for construction of a one mile four-lane highway. Granite is used in building roads, schools, hospitals, churches, houses and other modern construction. It is the key ingredient in asphalt and concrete.

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12. Feldspar - Feldspar is used in the production of ceramics, pottery, insulators, glass, and latex fillers.

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13. Sand - It is used in the manufacturing of glass and fiberglass, sand traps, landscaping, and as an abrasive for cleaning buildings and structures.

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14. Limestone - This mineral is a basic building block of the construction industry and the material from which aggregate, cement, lime, and building stone are made.

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